3rd Learning reflection

I have learned so much on copyright and Creative Commons licenses although I thought I had a solid knowledge on those subjects.

My results in the Copyright taster quiz on misconceptions on copyright were pretty good. However, I have never had a clear understanding on how copyright works – I thought that it was necessary to mark your work with copyright in order to protect it. On the other hand, since I wasn’t sure about that, I have had included only works with CC licenses in my own derivative works. Actually, all works are protected by copyright by default whether they have or don’t have a copyright sign (unless they are marked with CC or some other lenient license).

I was pleasantly surprised to learn that, although nowadays copyright protects distributors, not authors, that copyright law was introduced in 1710 to limit the rights of The Stationers Company, which had a printing monopoly in England.

I was aware that IPR was a complex field, including differences in national legislation. I learned that the common basis was established by the Berne convention. However, the copyright issue is still very complex for me, which was confirmed in the Copyright case study. It looks like the best solution is to use resources published under lenient CC licenses or to ask permission for other works.

The session 4 on Creative Commons licenses was very useful – I learned more about three layers of CC licenses and especially about compatibility among different CC licenses. The compatibility issue is one of the reasons I’ve changed my mind about NC attribute of CC license. Now I think NC attribute should be avoided and I favor CC BY-SA license.

I enjoyed watching all videos including Justin Cone talking about his video “Creativity builds on the past“. I find his message very powerful: Share now. Shape tomorrow. I agree with many ideas expressed by Chris Betcher, an Australian educator, including that educators help kids to build the next generation of culture and that it would be sad if we couldn’t do that because some companies and people claim things that can’t be claimed. Luckily, CC licenses make it easier to share culture. While watching Frances Ferreira I realized I had used to think about OER in context of Croatia, where most children finish primary and secondary school. However, Frances Ferreira is talking about OER in a completely different context in which millions of children don’t have opportunity to attend or finish primary school. OER might bring a substantial benefit to their lives. By creating and publishing OER we can help those children to gain their right for education as a fundamental human right.

I was familiar with term Free cultural works from CC license chooser. In this course I learned more about it including the importance of considering technical issues. We need to fulfill additional conditions for a work to be considered free: availability of source data, free format, no technical or other restrictions.

The overall learning experience in this course was great. In this part of the course I read all materials, did the quizzes and case study, wrote microblog entries, participated in discussion forum and watched the videos. I find all these activities very useful. I like the videos very much because the speakers are great – they really have something to say. I will finish this reflection quoting Cathy Casserly, CEO of CC: CC licenses provide avenue for knowledge sharing within appropriate legal framework. Let’s drive!

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2nd Learning reflection

I started learning in Session 2 by watching David Wiley’s video on OER definition. David Wiley has a gift to express complex concepts in a simple and memorable way. He says that openess is about price and permissions, or more specifically: openess = free access + free permissions (4Rs: reuse, revise, remix & redistribute). I published this equation on Twitter.

An Eben Moglen & Lawrence Lessig’ video is very different – they are trying to show the absurd of the current IPR system that favors distributors, not authors. Eben Moglen gives examples of ideas travelling through history using several human minds, which is hardly possible nowadays when knowledge has been turned into commodity. Lawrence Lessig shows a case of Walt Disney – a brilliant mixer who brought the brothers Grimm’s stories to children worldwide. Ironically, the Walt Disney company today strive to stop other of doing the same thing. It is importnat to achieve a balance between freedom to create on the one side and respect for creator on the other.

Talking about Disney and the brothers Grimm, I’m not sure if Disney properly attributed  their stories representing a base to his films. (Although the brothers Grimm are not the authors of the stories, they are actually distributors since they collected and recorded folk stories.)

All three OER definitions offered in course are great, however I’ve chosen a Creative Commons definition for microblog: “Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching, learning, and research materials in any medium that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others” because it states purpose, types of licensing and media (any medium, not just digital media).

The forum on barriers and opportunities included a lot of issues that could be applied to my institution and country, such as: people are reticent to share ideas, competitiveness, threat to revenue, high investment in development. Additionally, in my country there are not many digital learning materials that could be easily distributed, while English language is still a barrier because many teachers and students (especially young children) don’t speak English.

I enjoyed in reading tweets from #Open Textbook Tweet. I’ve chosen 17: “To impact the flat world. To allow others to improve it and extend its reach.” I love these as well:

  • 18 “To surf the wave of the future, taking digital publications one step further and bringing open access works into a peer review process.”
  • 28 “Pass on the gifts given to you. Leave a legacy.”
  • 106 “Open textbooks can fundamentally transform and unlock education by actively engaging all of us in the creation of our own learning content.”
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1st Learning reflection

Prior to this course I was an OER advocate and I applied a Creative Commons license to my own work a few times. I strongly agreed that tax-payers’ money should be used for benefit of the whole society and that learning materials paid by tax-payers’ should be available to everybody. As an employee of government agency I succeeded in opening a part of learning materials for everybody. I believed that sharing knowledge and ideas is beneficial for the whole mankind. However, I didn’t like the idea of using learning materials published on web for commercial use.

After two days of learning in OCL4Ed I still have the same values, but I have a more elaborated knowledge on OER and I am starting to re-examine my old values. For example, is it always unacceptable to use OER for commercial purposes? Desmond Tutu mentioned a business model of some companies which could be described as – patent the obvious, wait for someone else to have the same idea and attack them. This is obviously wrong. But one of the questions in open survey was about the right to earn a living from free content distributed on the Internet. I can easily imagine a university in some poor country using the MIT OCW courses and taking fees from their students to pay teaching staff and other costs. I hope I will get a clearer opinion on that issue during the course. Another open question for me is – in what circumstances is it acceptable for learning materials to be protected by copyright or any other restriction from free use. That question applies not only to learning materials but to all other artefacts that could be used for learning or developing learning materials (such as songs, movies etc.). Taking part in the course activities including building my own PLE, blogging, micro blogging, responding to peers’ ideas, watching videos of remarkable people and taking part in surveys I find most rewarding.

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Introduction to learners in Open content licensing for educators course

Hi everybody, welcome to my blog!

I am an enthusiastic advocate of OER and have been trying to develop, publish and promote OER in my work as a head of service for educational technologies in Croatian Academic and Research Network – CARNet.

I have created a new post in an existing blog rather than creating a completely new blog. I consider this blog my most important PLE and I will have a kind of learning archive in one place.

At this link http://schoolofopen.org you will find great courses on OER:

 * Copyright 4 Educators (for US and AUS)

* Creative Commons for K-12 Educators

* Intro to Openness in Education

* Teach someone something with open content, part 1 and part two

* Get CC Savvy

Here is a photo of a beautiful Sipanska luka in Croatia I would like to share with you.

Sipanska lukaCreative Commons Licence
Sipanska Luka by Gordana Jugo is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Based on a work at https://gordanajugo.wordpress.com/.

Looking forward to learning with more than 390 participants in this course!

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Što sam naučio na radionici o e-učenju?

Napišite u nekoliko rečenica što ste naučili na radionici o e-učenju i objavite post.

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Web 2.0 Tools by Levine

I countinue my explorations on what tool to choose for my digital story. Now when I have the story it should be easier and more productive. I’ve been watching Levine’s story Dominoe produced using different Web 2.0 tools. Here are some of the tools from Levine’s wiki http://cogdogroo.wikispaces.com/StoryTools I’ve inspected:

  • http://www.imageloop.com/en/index.htm – doesn’t suit me because there are only photos, without subtitles or narration – wrong, I missed the Show button
  • http://www.slide.com/ – I like it because there are subtitles and I also like the design template in a form of film frames. It suits me because it reminds me on the past, and the events in my story were happening a long time ago.
  • http://www.ourstory.com/ – it’s suitable for talking about events when it is important to show how they unfold in time. However, it is not such important for me in this case.
  • http://voicethread.com/ – through images on the side that are connected to audio it is possible to go more in detail. It’s a great affordance, but I don’t need it for my story.
  • http://www.vuvox.com/ – looks great, combines animated images and sound, but the animation is uneven
  • http://www.pimpampum.net/bubblr/ – combines photos and text, simple and well structured, requires an audience to click so the story goes further. I like it.
  • http://www.mapwing.com/ – combines photos, text and a map. That would be ideal for my story. The photos are animated, there are a play and stop options. It is well structured, but it doesn’t look well – the map is too plain.
  • http://maps.google.com/ – on the left side there is a list of the positions marked on the map with corresponding text and one can easily follow the story by clicking items in the list. When one click an item a pop up window appears on the map with a photo and  corresponding text. It is possible to embed an audio too. I think it’s a great way to present a story happening in different locations.
  • http://www.slideshare.net/ – creates Flash easily embedded in other web sites, it’s possible to add audio
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Difference between discussion within the wiki and LMS discussion forum

Group collaboration and discussion within the wiki differed from discussion in LMS in several ways.

All group members’ contributions were placed in one page which made the whole text easier to read and more structured. Also, it looked like the contributions were shorter and more focused than in LMS discussions.

On the other hand, the discussion in wiki was harder to follow since all „posts“ were in one space, not separately as in space for discussion in LMS.

The affordances of wiki represent great advantage for group work – all group members can easily contribute to the common text. One of the challenges was that there were no rules for group collaboration. Another challenge is the possibility to unintentionally erase somebody else’s text.

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